Spanish Toy Theatre

There were two distinct phases to the history of Toy Theatre in Spain. the only common feature is that both occurred in Barcelona.

In the 1870s Paluzie emulated Pellerin in France by producing a series of scenes, figures and stage fronts without plays or scripts. there were influenced by Pellerin and Schreiber designs but had a native Catalonian tinge, Drawing was simple, colouring bold and the overall effect striking.

From 1920 the products of the firm Seix and Barral, Nualart began to replace those of Paluzie. They are far more striking and without doubt the best of the modern school of Toy Theatre. They were a carefully designed and well thought out “Children’s Theatre” which succeeded in selling far beyond Spain. Twenty-two plays were published for a variety of sizes of model theatre. Play titles were a mixture of traditional and modern and included religious themes. The scenes were the most distinctive feature, they were pressed out of colour printed card and consist of a series of cut-scenes with thin colour paper stuck over openings. When a light was placed behind the scenes it was possible to make all sorts of effects possible. the artwork was simple, often impressionist in style. It was a far cry from Victorian melodrama on the Juvenile Drama stage to these scenes set in Art Deco lounges and on the deck of a battleship.

Nuarlart plays were still being sold in the 1960s, but have now become valued collector’s items.


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